Workshop

On Monday 11 November, 2 workshops will take place (click on the title to read more details):

On Tuesday 12 November, following workshop has been planned:

Life cycle sustainability assessment: from theory to operationalization: The example of the construction sector

When: 11 November 2013, 8:30 – 12:00

Chairs of the workshop: Serenella Sala, JRC-IES, Italy (chair) and Jeroen Guinée, CML – Leiden University, The Netherlands (co-chair)

Introduction and goal of the workshop

Increasingly, Life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) is considered crucial for integrating the analysis of environmental, social and economic aspects with life cycle thinking. Notwithstanding the existence of different conceptual frameworks and the flourishing of scientific discussion on the theoretical foundations of LCSA, there is still a paucity of examples of LCSA operationalization. In order to identify the main research needs, enabling a wider diffusion of LCSA studies, a workshop is organized in the context of the SETAC LCA Case Study Symposium. Starting from a representative case study, the workshop will involve the participants in exploring the main gaps in knowledge and the possible drivers towards wider application of LCSA.

The discussion will be shaped around the application of LCSA in the construction building sector, chosen for the following reasons

·         The prominence of building/construction sector in the resource efficiency policies. Also in this context LCSA may play a role in supporting the assessment of options towards a sustainable decoupling of economic growth from sustainability performance

·         The strategic role of building waste in light of “circular economy”- closing the loop etc.

·         The existence of a set of European standard on construction works (EN 15643-1,2,3, 4) entailing the assessment of environmental[1] social and economic performance of building. These standards, will be the starting point to discuss on how to move from a separate analysis of environmental, social and economic issues toward an integrated assessments, in which mechanisms and interrelationships are taken into account.

Three focus groups, in a “world café[2]” workshop will discuss how to move forward in the integrated assessment, considering different scales of application and different decision contexts, especially in light of policy support.

Preliminary programme

08:30– 10:00 Three presentations, aimed at discussing/presenting a case study from different perspectives.

10:00- 11:00 Working groups. Each group, moderated by a facilitator, will be asked to answer a number of questions about research needs, exploring how to better address sustainability using the case study of the building sector as leverage for starting and steering the discussion.

11:00- 12:00 Presentation of the main findings from each group and discussion for building a preliminarily consensus on research needs

Practicalities and info

The workshop is open to all the participants in the LCA Case Study Symposium but registration is required for organisational purposes.

As outcome of the workshop, a conference report will be published in the International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment.

Contact info

If you are interested in participating in the workshop, please send an email to css2013rome@enea.it indicating in the subject line: LCSA Workshop – registration


 

[1] EN 15643-1:2010 Sustainability of construction works - Sustainability assessment of buildings - Part 1: General framework
EN 15643-2:2011 Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of buildings - Part 2: Framework for the assessment of environmental performance
EN 15643-3:2012  Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of buildings - Part 3: Framework for the assessment of social performance
EN 15643-4:2012 Sustainability of construction works - Assessment of buildings - Part 4: Framework for the assessment of economic performance

[2] a structured conversational process in which groups of people discuss a topic at several tables, with individuals switching tables periodically and getting introduced to the previous discussion at their new table by a "table host". A cafe ambience is created in order to facilitate conversation

 

Life cycle inventory issues and trade-off between environmental impact indicators in the food sector: Does the harmonisation effort solve those challenges?

When: 11 November 2013, 14:30 - 18:20

Chairs of the workshop: Sebastien Humbert, Scientific Director of Quantis, Switzerland (chair) and Alessandra Zamagni, ENEA, President of Ecoinnovazione srl (spin off ENEA), Italy (co-chair).

Introduction and goal of the workshop
 
The food industry often evolves in a business-to-consumer (B2C) context and tends to be closely watched by the public including non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The food sector contributes to the environmental footprint of our society and this industry needs to be proactive in understanding its environmental challenges. The food industry is reacting rapidly to sustainability issues as confirmed for instance by the voluntary pilot testing of the draft ENVIFOOD Protocol launched in 2013 by the European Food Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Round Table [1]. This trend is part of the current life cycle assessment (LCA) context characterized by a harmonised effort amongst several LCA initiatives. This is proven by the European Commission communication named “Building the Single Market for Green Products” [2] proposing the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) and Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF) to measure the environmental performance of products and organisations.

However, some major challenges are still debated by the food-LCA community regarding both the life cycle inventory (LCI) issues and the trade-off between environmental impact indicators. Some core topics from the modelling point of view include the estimation of emissions from field, which are difficult to be measured but affect the final results; the data availability and representativeness for many ingredients used in the preparation of food; the multifunctionality of agricultural system; the inclusion of qualitative and cultural aspects into the functional unit. In the environmental impact assessment, a multi-criteria approach is needed to avoid a shift of impacts among environmental issues. One of the main challenges to be faced implementing multi-criteria approach is to deal with trade-offs. How can you take a decision between two options when the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) results show opposite rankings? This issue is often observed in the agro-food sector, where agriculture activities may have specific environmental impacts on, for example, water use, land use or toxicity impact categories that may not be correlated to, for example, carbon footprint and energy use.

The objective of the workshop is to discuss whether the harmonisation effort will help to solve those challenges. Based on some concrete case studies, the aim is to debate on those technical LCA aspects which have fundamental consequences for industries and stakeholders using LCA for decision making. 

Preliminary programme

15:00 – 15:10      Introduction to the Workshop     Alessandra Zamagni, ENEA - Ecoinnovazione srl, Italy

15:10 – 16:45     How to deal with the life cycle inventory (LCI) issues related to agro-food processes?  
                              
Chair: Sebastien Humbert, Quantis, Switzerland 

  • Importance to have a consistent and comprehensive LCI to be able to capture trade-off (i.e., hiding a trade-off is not solving it… and to be able to identify trade-offs in the LCIA, one needs to have the data already included in the LCI).
    Sebastien Humbert, Quantis, Switzerland

  • How does the World Food LCA Database (WFLDB) deal with fertilizers and pesticides direct emissions?
    [Speaker to be confirmed]

  • Case studies
    o   How to deal with water and consistent inventory of water use? [Speaker to be confirmed]       
    o   Case study of refined sugar from sugar beet. Eridania - Ecoinovazione srl
    o   [Other case studies to be confirmed]

16:45 – 17:00      Coffee break

17:00 – 18:20      How to deal with trade-offs in a multi-criteria approach in the food sector? 
                               Chair: Alessandra Zamagni, ENEA - Ecoinnovazione srl, Italy

  • The recommendations provided by some major initiatives: PEF/OEF, ENVIFOOD Protocol and the French Environmental Product Declaration. Strength and weaknesses.
    Simone Pedrazzini, Quantis, Switzerland

  • Lessons learned 3 years after the Barilla EPD process implementation.
    Luca Ruini - Barilla G. & R. Flli, Health, Safety, Environment & Energy Director

  • Feedback from test of the ENVIFOOD Protocol: the case of high quality pasteurised milk
    Valentina Fantin, ENEA, Italy

  • How to use the available knowledge in LCIA (damage approach and normalization) to help understand relative importance and relevance in trade-offs and help making an informed decision.
    Sebastien Humbert, Quantis, Switzerland

  • Case studies
    o    [Other case studies to be confirmed]

18:20 – 18:30          Workshop wrap up  Sebastien Humbert, Quantis, Switzerland

 

Practicalities and info

The workshop is open to all the participants in the LCA Case Study Symposium but registration is required for organisational purposes.

Contact info

If you are interested in participating in the workshop, please send an email to simone.pedrazzini@quantis-intl.com and a.zamagni@ecoinnovazione.it  indicating in the subject line: “Workshop : LCI issues and trade-off in the foot sector – registration”.

References

[1]          European Food Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Round Table, ENVIFOOD Protocol - Environmental Assessment of Food and Drink Protocol, Draft Version 0.1 For Pilot Testing, November 2012.

[2]          European Commission, COM(2013) 196 final, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council. Building the Single Market for Green Products. Facilitating better information on the environmental performance of products and organisations, Brussels, 09/04/2013.

 

PCRs and Guidance documents – Looking beyond ISO

When: 12 November 2013, 08:30 - 10:10

Chair of the workshop: Aleksandar Lozanovski, University of Stuttgart

Introduction and goal of the workshop

A key aspect of a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) study is the definition of certain choices during the goal and scope phase (e.g. choice of functional unit and reference flow, allocation, system boundary, etc.). Due to often very little provisions and guidance, these choices might be made differently which affects the comparability of various studies on the same product.

Therefore it is claimed by many voices, not only in the LCA community that there is a need for provisions, rules and data, which support a LCA study in their sector of interest. This special session aims at showing possible ways of dealing with this kind of provisions and guidance. Several guidance documents will be presented showing their outcomes and definitions made for their specific sector. In addition the development process of such guidance documents will be highlighted

Preliminary programme

  • Introduction by Chair
  • Operational Guidance for Life Cycle Assessment Studies of the Energy Efficient Buildings Initiative (EeB Guide)
    Speaker: Johannes Gantner - Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics
  • Guidance Document for performing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) on Fuel Cells (FCs) and Hydrogen (H2) Technologies (FC-HY Guide)
    Speakers: Aleksandar Lozanovski (for the Hydrogen Guide) – University of Stuttgart and Alessandra Zamagni (for the FC Guide) – LCA &Ecodesign Laboratory, ENEA
  • E-Mobility Life Cycle Assessment Recommendations (eLCAr)
    Speaker: Andrea Del Duce (Quantis)
  • Discussion with all the participants

Practicalities and info

The workshop is open to all the participants in the LCA Case Study Symposium.
As outcome of the workshop, a conference report will be published in the International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment.